Cao Lan ethnic


I found the Cao Lan in November 2017, while on an expedition in the mountainous province of Yen Bai, in northeast Vietnam. On the way, I stumbled across the chief of Tan Huong village. Ly Tien Sinh, 85, has been chief for more than 20 years and can read, speak and write in Nôm, the sino-vietnamese calligraphy, which prevailed until the introduction of the Latin alphabet. After exploring his incredible collection of manuscripts with him, he offered me a poem, an ode to love, confirming the romantic reputation of the Cao Lan. Their poetry and folk songs – chanted during the competition of Sinh Ca – are the pride of the Cao Lan and have been recognized as part of the valuable Intangible Cultural Heritage of the nation.
The woman in the portrait, his wife, also 85, was extremely kind. She is wearing the post-war costume. The original indigo colour has been replaced with red and black. It is adorned with simple silver jewelry. Although less sophisticated than that of their neighbours, it remains nonetheless elegant with its detailed, colorful collar. Today, it is only worn for special occasions and the turban has completely disappeared. 13-year-old Nguyen Thi Hong Nhung, is a proud representative of the Cao Lan culture, perpetuating their chants and poems in their original dialect that she learnt from her grandmother. She represents hope that their culture will live on through future generations.


169, 410 (Census 2009)


Tuyen Quang, Thai Nguyen, Bac Giang, Quang Ninh, Yen Bai, Cao Bang, Dak Lak, Lang Son, Phu Tho, Vinh Phuc Provinces


Migrated from China, 400 years ago